Soory about the previous post, was a bit hard to read.
This outlines what to do with sendmail to kindof detect virus.
------- Forwarded Message Follows -------
From: "AIDAN MCGRATH" <AMCGRATH at Staffmail.wit.ie>
Organization: Waterford Institute Of Technology
To: Awaller.staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie,
BOSULLIVAN.staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie,
GPETERS.staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie,
jgmurphy.staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie,
LKEANE.staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie,
MSTAFFORD .staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie,
SJMURPHY.staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie,
TDOWLING.staff.wrtc at Staffmail.wit.ie
Date sent: Mon, 29 Mar 1999 12:04:00 GMT
Subject: (Fwd) [cert-advisory at cert.org: CERT Advisory CA-99.04 - Meliss
------- Forwarded Message Follows -------
Date sent: Mon, 29 Mar 1999 10:22:13 +0100
Send reply to: Contact and discussion list for security issues in HEAnet
<HEANET-SECURITY at listserv.heanet.ie>
From: Dave Wilson <davew at HEA.NET>
Subject: [cert-advisory at cert.org: CERT Advisory CA-99.04 - Melissa Macro
To: HEANET-SECURITY at listserv.heanet.ie
This CERT advisory came through over the weekend about the Melissa
Microsoft Word virus. This has been widely reported in the news, but
there are a number of misconceptions about it which are laid to rest
below. The virus is nothing new or surprising but is more unpleasant
than most and can go so far as to bring down a mail server with
CERT offer four different fixes: it should be noted that the Sendmail
fix only checks for mails with a subject line beginning "Important
message for" so this might not be suitable for all.
Any questions or comments, mail me|list.
----- Forwarded message from CERT Advisory <cert-advisory at cert.org> -----
Date: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 07:08:18 -0500
From: CERT Advisory <cert-advisory at cert.org>
To: cert-advisory at coal.cert.org
Subject: CERT Advisory CA-99.04 - Melissa Macro Virus
Reply-To: cert-advisory-request at cert.org
Organization: CERT(sm) Coordination Center - +1 412-268-7090
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
CERT Advisory CA-99-04-Melissa-Macro-Virus
Original issue date: Saturday March 27 1999
Last Revised: Saturday March 27, 1999
* Machines with Microsoft Word 97 or Word 2000
* Any mail handling system could experience performance problems or
a denial of service as a result of the propagation of this macro
At approximately 2:00 PM GMT-5 on Friday March 26 1999 we began
receiving reports of a Microsoft Word 97 and Word 2000 macro virus
which is propagating via email attachments. The number and variety of
reports we have received indicate that this is a widespread attack
affecting a variety of sites.
Our analysis of this macro virus indicates that human action (in the
form of a user opening an infected Word document) is required for this
virus to propagate. It is possible that under some mailer
configurations, a user might automatically open an infected document
received in the form of an email attachment. This macro virus is not
known to exploit any new vulnerabilities. While the primary transport
mechanism of this virus is via email, any way of transferring files
can also propagate the virus.
Anti-virus software vendors have called this macro virus the Melissa
macro or W97M_Melissa virus.
The Melissa macro virus propagates in the form of an email message
containing an infected Word document as an attachment. The transport
message has most frequently been reported to contain the following
Subject: Important Message From <name>
Where <name> is the full name of the user sending the message.
The body of the message is a multipart MIME message containing two
sections. The first section of the message (Content-Type: text/plain)
contains the following text.
Here is that document you asked for ... don't show anyone else ;-)
The next section (Content-Type: application/msword) was initially
reported to be a document called "list.doc". This document contains
references to pornographic web sites. As this macro virus spreads we
are likely to see documents with other names. In fact, under certain
conditions the virus may generate attachments with documents created
by the victim.
When a user opens an infected .doc file with Microsoft Word97 or
Word2000, the macro virus is immediately executed if macros are
Upon execution, the virus first lowers the macro security settings to
permit all macros to run when documents are opened in the future.
Therefore, the user will not be notified when the virus is executed in
The macro then checks to see if the registry key
has a value of "... by Kwyjibo". If that registry key does not exist
or does not have a value of "... by Kwyjibo", the virus proceeds to
propagate itself by sending an email message in the format described
above to the first 50 entries in every MAPI address book readable by
the user executing the macro. Keep in mind that if any of these email
addresses are mailing lists, the message will be delivered to everyone
on the mailing lists. In order to successfully propagate, the affected
machine must have Microsoft Outlook installed; however, Outlook does
not need to be the mailer used to read the message.
Next, the macro virus sets the value of the registry key to "... by
Kwyjibo". Setting this registry key causes the virus to only propagate
once per session. If the registry key does not persist through
sessions, the virus will propagate as described above once per every
session when a user opens an infected document. If the registry key
persists through sessions, the virus will no longer attempt to
propagate even if the affected user opens an infected document.
The macro then infects the Normal.dot template file. By default, all
Word documents utilize the Normal.dot template; thus, any newly
created Word document will be infected. Because unpatched versions of
Word97 may trust macros in templates the virus may execute without
warning. For more information please see:
Finally, if the minute of the hour matches the day of the month at
this point, the macro inserts into the current document the message
"Twenty-two points, plus triple-word-score, plus fifty points for
using all my letters. Game's over. I'm outta here."
Note that if you open an infected document with macros disabled and
look at the list of macros in this document, neither Word97 nor
Word2000 list the macro. The code is actually VBA (Visual Basic for
Applications) code associated with the "document.open" method. You can
see the code by going into the Visual Basic editor.
If you receive one of these messages, keep in mind that the message
came from someone who is affected by this virus and they are not
necessarily targeting you. We encourage you to contact any users from
which you have received such a message. Also, we are interested in
understanding the scope of this activity; therefore, we would
appreciate if you would report any instance of this activity to us
according to our Incident Reporting Guidelines document available at:
* Users who open an infected document in Word97 or Word2000 with
macros enabled will infect the Normal.dot template causing any
documents referencing this template to be infected with this macro
virus. If the infected document is opened by another user, the
document, including the macro virus, will propagate. Note that
this could cause the user's document to be propagated instead of
the original document, and thereby leak sensitive information.
* Indirectly, this virus could cause a denial of service on mail
servers. Many large sites have reported performance problems with
their mail servers as a result of the propagation of this virus.
* Block messages with the signature of this virus at your mail transfer
Nick Christenson of sendmail.com provided information about
configuring sendmail to filter out messages that may contain the
Melissa virus. This information is available from the follow URL:
* Utilize virus scanners
Most virus scanning tools will detect and clean macro viruses. In
order to detect and clean current viruses you must keep your
scanning tools up to date with the latest definition files.
+ McAfee / Network Associates
+ Trend Micro
* Encourage users at your site to disable macros in Microsoft Word
Notify all of your users of the problem and encourage them to
disable macros in Word. You may also wish to encourage users to
disable macros in any product that contains a macro language as
this sort of problem is not limited to Microsoft Word.
In Word97 you can disable automatic macro execution (click
Tools/Options/General then turn on the 'Macro virus protection'
checkbox). In Word2000 macro execution is controlled by a security
level variable similar to Internet Explorer (click on
Tools/Macro/Security and choose High, Medium, or Low). In that
case, 'High' silently ignores the VBA code, Medium prompts in the
way Word97 does to let you enable or disable the VBA code, and
'Low' just runs it.
Word2000 supports Authenticode on the VB code. In the 'High'
setting you can specify sites that you trust and code from those
sites will run.
* General protection from Word Macro Viruses
For information about macro viruses in general, we encourage you
to review the document "Free Macro AntiVirus Techniques" by Chengi
Jimmy Kuo which is available at.
We would like to thank Jimmy Kuo of Network Associates, Eric Allman
and Nick Christenson of sendmail.com, Dan Schrader of Trend Micro, and
Jason Garms and Karan Khanna of Microsoft for providing information
used in this advisory.
Additionally we would like to thank the many sites who reported this
This document is available from:
CERT/CC Contact Information
Email: cert at cert.org
Phone: +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
Fax: +1 412-268-6989
CERT Coordination Center
Software Engineering Institute
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890
CERT personnel answer the hotline 08:00-20:00 EST(GMT-5) / EDT(GMT-4)
Monday through Friday; they are on call for emergencies during other
hours, on U.S. holidays, and on weekends.
We strongly urge you to encrypt sensitive information sent by email.
Our public PGP key is available from http://www.cert.org/CERT_PGP.key.
If you prefer to use DES, please call the CERT hotline for more
Getting security information
CERT publications and other security information are available from
our web site http://www.cert.org/.
To be added to our mailing list for advisories and bulletins, send
email to cert-advisory-request at cert.org and include SUBSCRIBE
your-email-address in the subject of your message.
Copyright 1999 Carnegie Mellon University.
Conditions for use, disclaimers, and sponsorship information can be
found in http://www.cert.org/legal_stuff.html.
* "CERT" and "CERT Coordination Center" are registered in the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office
Any material furnished by Carnegie Mellon University and the Software
Engineering Institute is furnished on an "as is" basis. Carnegie
Mellon University makes no warranties of any kind, either expressed or
implied as to any matter including, but not limited to, warranty of
fitness for a particular purpose or merchantability, exclusivity or
results obtained from use of the material. Carnegie Mellon University
does not make any warranty of any kind with respect to freedom from
patent, trademark, or copyright infringement.
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
----- End forwarded message -----
Maintained by the ILUG website team. The aim of Linux.ie is to
support and help commercial and private users of Linux in Ireland. You can
display ILUG news in your own webpages, read backend
information to find out how. Networking services kindly provided by HEAnet, server kindly donated by
Dell. Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds,
used with permission. No penguins were harmed in the production or maintenance
of this highly praised website. Looking for the
Indian Linux Users' Group? Try here. If you've read all this and aren't a lawyer: you should be!