| Date: Thu, 28 Jul 2005 11:51:02 +0100
| From: Darragh Bailey <felix at compsoc.nuigalway.ie>
| On Wed, 27 Jul 2005, Paul Biggar wrote:
| > Does anybody know a way of making [ grep ] return a case where
| > word1 is at the end of one line [ followed by ] word2 [ at ]
| > the start of the next.
| I'm guessing that no-one tried
| cat file | grep -e "word1 word2" -e "word1
I'm guessing the above either (1) wasn't tested or
(2) wasn't tested properly; and, maybe, (3) TFM was
newlines are used to separate (E)REs in grep(1) with
an (implied) OR; i.e., the above, due to the 2nd `-e'
(the two newline-separated REs) prints all line(s)
that contain either word1 OR word2. and as such,
the 1st `-e' is useless. (so is the cat(1).)
the above, using GNU grep(1) — I'm not sure the
following re-writes work with other `grep's — is
equivalent to either of the following:
grep -e "word1 word2" -e "word1" -e "word2" FILE
grep -e "word1" -e "word2" FILE
test the original (or the rewrites) with text like:
the 1st line has word1 only and not at end
the 2nd line has word2 only and not at start
and watch the tested version clearly not do what
unfortunately, after a very_rapid_ read of both
the GNU grep(1) man page and GNUs `info grep',
I did not see this newline behaviour described
(other than the `fgrep' (fixed string) variant).
p.s. my (admittedly vague) memory is multiple REs
separated by newline (meaning OR) has worked
in all(?) `grep's since 7th Edition.
Experienced (20+ yrs) kernel/software Eng: | Brian Foster Montpellier,
• Unix, embedded, &tc; • Linux; • doc; | blf at utvinternet.ie FRANCE
• IDL, automated testing, process, &tc. | Stop E$$o (ExxonMobile)!
Résumé (CV) http://www.blf.utvinternet.ie | http://www.stopesso.com
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